The opportunity to work in the United States is highly desirable for numerous business professionals due to various factors, including the individual freedoms offered by the country. The U.S. is a dream destination for many people looking for better career prospects and an improved standard of living.

Non-residents often face challenges in understanding and following the process of immigrating to the country. While there are many ways to enter the U.S., some may be excessively complex, intimidating, and overwhelming, as it involves a lot of paperwork and navigating bureaucratic procedures.

However, exceptional individuals from diverse parts of the world have a unique opportunity to enter and work in the country through the O-1 visa program, designed for those with extraordinary abilities. This could include researchers under the O-1A visa or artists under the O-1B visa, who can also bring their dependents. 

The U.S. government grants entry to those who can significantly impact the country, allowing them to stay for up to three years at a time.

Despite the challenges, the benefits of working in the United States can be highly advantageous. The country offers a strong economy, a rich and varied culture, and excellent prospects for career development, making it an attractive location for those seeking to enhance their professional lives and overall well-being.

Before exploring the O-1B visa category, it’s important to have a general understanding of the O-1 visa category as a whole.

The O-1 visa explained

The O-1 visa is intended for individuals who are not citizens of the United States but possess exceptional skills and expertise in a particular professional domain. These domains could include business, science, education, athletics, arts, and the motion picture or television industries. 

The main requirement for this visa is that the individual can demonstrate a high level of achievement and capability in their field. The O-1 visa is specifically designed to attract and retain exceptional talent worldwide to work and contribute to the U.S. economy and society.

The O-1 visa is frequently seen as the non-resident equivalent of the EB-1 visa, also called the “Extraordinary Ability Green Card.” The EB-1 visa provides individuals with permanent residency in the United States, but just like the O-1 visa, applicants must demonstrate exceptional abilities in their field to be eligible. 

While it is not guaranteed, O-1 visa holders can transition to the EB-1 visa, granting them permanent residency in the United States. Therefore, the O-1 visa can be an excellent option for individuals who aspire to obtain an EB-1 visa in the future. 

By demonstrating their exceptional abilities and achievements through the O-1 visa, they can establish a strong case for eligibility for the EB-1 visa. 

The standard period for which O-1 visas are issued is typically up to 3 years or for the duration of a specific project or event. Regardless of the duration, the maximum initial validity period for an O-1 visa is three years. 

After the initial period, visa holders may apply for extensions of up to 12 months at a time. Fortunately, there is no limit on the number of extensions an O-1 visa holder can apply, for  as long as they continue to meet the eligibility requirements.

The unlimited extension option provides stability and flexibility to skilled non-residents.

O-1 visa benefits

Compared to other types of work visas, this visa category provides numerous benefits, including:

  • No limits on the number of visas that can be issued annually.
  • Ability to bring and keep dependents along, as long as the beneficiary upholds their O-1 visa status.
  • Ability to travel overseas as wished.
  • Unlimited visa extensions.

O-1 and the different visa types

The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has established two categories of O-1 visas: the O-1A and the O-1B visas.

  • O-1A visa is a type of visa specifically designed for individuals who possess exceptional abilities in the fields of science, education, business, or athletics.
  • O-1B visa is intended for people who possess exceptional talent in the field of arts or have a track record of extraordinary achievement in the Motion Picture Television industry.

Visa applicants must prove exceptional abilities regardless of their area of expertise. Still, the criteria for obtaining an O-1B visa are slightly less stringent but tend to be more subjective and less transparent than those for the O-1A visa.

On March 3, 2023, the USCIS issued new policy guidelines outlining recent updates to the USCIS Policy Manual. These changes aim to address inconsistencies in the approval of O-1B petitions. 

Additionally, the USCIS has introduced a new appendix, “Satisfying the O-1B Evidentiary Requirements,” which provides specific examples of evidence that may fulfill the O-1B visa eligibility criteria in certain circumstances. It also highlights factors that are relevant when evaluating the evidence. 

These new guidelines aim to offer greater clarity and consistency in adjudicating O-1B visa petitions.

O-1B visa eligibility

In order to be eligible for an O-1 visa, the applicant needs to demonstrate extraordinary ability through sustained national or international recognition or by showcasing a track record of exceptional achievement in the motion picture and television industry. 

Additionally, the applicant must demonstrate the intention of coming temporarily to the United States to continue working in the area of expertise.

Extraordinary ability within the arts is defined as achieving a level of distinction that exceeds the ordinary. This can be demonstrated by attaining a high degree of skill and recognition that is substantially above the norm for the field of arts. 

Essentially, this means that you must be prominent, renowned, leading, or well-known in your artistic field to be considered to have extraordinary ability.

Professions that qualify for an O-1B nonimmigrant visa

The definition of arts for O-1B visa purposes is quite inclusive, which means that a wide range of creative activities or endeavors, including fine arts, visual arts, culinary arts, and performing arts, can qualify, including but not limited to:

  • Creative directors,
  • Writers,
  • Fashion Designers,
  • Producers,
  • Actors and Performers,
  • Photographers,
  • Chefs,
  • Makeup artists;
  • Musicians,
  • Choreographers,
  • Songwriters,
  • and more.

O-1B visa application process

The USCIS has set a benchmark for identifying individuals with “extraordinary ability” in the arts, which involves demonstrating a pattern of “sustained national or international acclaim.” 

For those seeking to work in the motion picture and television industry, it is necessary to have a proven track record of exceptional achievement. 

In all cases, an O-1 visa applicant’s accomplishments must provide extensive documentation to support their visa petition.

The necessary documents to support the O-1B visa petition

When submitting an O-1B (Arts) visa petition, the supporting documentation must demonstrate that the applicant has been nationally or internationally recognized or prized in their artistic field. 

The record must consist of at least three types of documentation corresponding to those listed in the regulations. 

Alternatively, in certain circumstances, comparable evidence may be submitted.

  1. Evidence of performance in a leading production or event with a distinguished reputation.
  2. Evidence that the beneficiary has attained national or international recognition for their achievements. This can be demonstrated through critical reviews or other published materials.
  3. Evidence that the beneficiary has performed, or will perform, in the lead, starring, or critical role for organizations with a distinguished reputation. This can be demonstrated through articles in newspapers, trade journals, publications,
  4.  Evidence must show the beneficiary has achieved significant commercial or critical success in their field. This can be demonstrated through various indicators such as the title, rating, standing in the area, box office receipts, and motion picture or television ratings.
  5. Evidence shows that the beneficiary has received substantial recognition from reputable organizations, critics, government agencies, or other acknowledged experts in their field.
  6. Evidence that the beneficiary has earned or is expected to earn a significant salary or compensation compared to others in their profession.

It is important to carefully review the relevant regulations and ensure that the evidence submitted meets the required standards.

Applying for an O-1B visa

An individual seeking a nonimmigrant worker visa to work in the U.S. requires their U.S. employer, agent, or foreign employer through a U.S. agent to file a petition on their behalf using Form I-129. 

To avoid any potential delays, it is recommended that the employer or agent file Form I-129 6 months and at least 45 days before the beneficiary is planning to come to the United States. This will allow sufficient time for processing and addressing any potential issues that may arise.

O-1B additional requirements

Aside from Form I-129, the individual submitting the petition is required to provide the following documentary evidence:

O-1 Visa Consultation

As part of the O-1 visa application process, obtaining a written advisory opinion from an individual or group with expertise in the beneficiary’s area of skill during the consultation part of the process is necessary.

Suppose the individual possesses extraordinary ability in the motion picture or television industry. The consultation must be obtained from a relevant labor union and a management organization with expertise in the beneficiary’s field.

Once the consultation process is finished, the individual submitting the petition must provide the consultation to the USCIS office. 

It is crucial to note that a copy of the consultation lacking any distinctive marks or watermarks indicating authenticity may lead to suspicions about the credibility of the consultation and cause delays in processing.

Exceptions to the visa consultation

Suppose the person requesting a visa can show proof that there is no suitable group of people to join, such as a labor union. In that case, the decision regarding their visa application will depend on the evidence presented. 

Moreover, suppose someone with exceptional talent in the arts wants to return to perform similar services within 2 years of their previous consultation. In that case, they may be exempted from the consultation process. 

If the applicant qualifies for this exemption, a waiver request and their previous consultation report must be submitted to avoid undergoing another consultation process.

Contract between petitioner and beneficiary

To complete the USCIS application process for a visa petition, the applicant must provide documentation of any written or oral agreements between the petitioner and beneficiary. 

If there was an oral agreement, it is possible to provide USCIS with a summary of the terms of the agreement, as well as any evidence that can prove its authenticity, such as emails or other documentation. 

The summary must clearly outline the employer’s offer and the employee acceptance terms. By providing USCIS with a clear summary of the oral agreement, you can help ensure that your visa petition is processed smoothly and efficiently.

The itinerary

To support a visa petition for individuals with extraordinary ability, the petitioner must provide specific information about the events or activities in which the beneficiary will participate.

This includes a clear explanation of the nature of the events or activities and the dates for their beginning and end. 

If applicable, the petitioner must also provide an event or activity itinerary demonstrating the beneficiary’s involvement.

The purpose of providing this information is to establish that there are events or activities in the beneficiary’s field of extraordinary ability that justify the visa request for the requested validity period.

Supplying USCIS with a detailed and well-supported petition, the petitioner can increase the likelihood of a successful visa application for the beneficiary. For example, suppose the beneficiary is a musician. In that case, the petitioner must provide an itinerary for a tour or a series of events that the beneficiary will participate in during the valid visa’s validity period.

The U.S. agent

When applying for a visa, it is important to understand the concept of a U.S. agent. A U.S. agent can be one of three things: your actual employer, a representative of you and your employer, or a person or entity authorized by your employer to act on its behalf.

If your employer is a U.S. entity, they will likely serve as your U.S. agent. However, if your employer is not a U.S. entity, they may hire a representative to act on their behalf in the United States. In this case, the representative will serve as your and your employer’s agents.

It is also possible for your employer to authorize a third party, such as a law firm or a business consultant, to act on their behalf as an agent in the United States.

This person or entity will be authorized to make decisions on behalf of your employer, such as hiring and firing employees. It will ensure that all U.S. laws and regulations are followed.

By understanding the role of a U.S. agent and ensuring that one is appropriately designated, applicants can ensure that their visa application complies with U.S. immigration laws and regulations.

O-1B visa process filing fees

It is important to determine the correct filing fee when submitting an application or petition to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). To do so, one can consult the USCIS fee charts available on the USCIS website.

Applying from abroad – Consular Processing

  • Form I-129 (Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker) filing fee: $460
  • Form I-907 (Premium Processing): $2,500
  • Form DS-160: $160

Applying while in the U.S. through changing of status

  • Form I-129 (Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker) filing fee: $460
  • Form I-907 (Premium Processing): $2,500

O-1B visa interview

If you apply from outside of the United States through Consular Processing, you must attend an in-person interview at a US embassy or consular office outside of the U.S.

The interview procedure may vary depending on which embassy or consular post handles your application. Still, generally, you can expect to be asked questions related to the information provided in your initial petition, including your employment history, qualifications, experience, as well as your background, and travel history.

If your application is approved, the consular officer will keep your passport to stamp your visa. Typically, your passport, complete with the O-1 visa stamp, will be returned to you within about one week of your interview.

Once you have received your passport, you are authorized to travel to the U.S. and work in O-1 status as specified in your initial O-1 petition.

O-1B processing times

The processing time may vary between 2-3 months. However, if you want to expedite the processing time, you can opt for premium processing by paying an additional fee of $2,500.

Premium processing guarantees the adjudication of the process within 15 business days.

Once your interview is completed and Officer finds no grounds to refuse the visa, it will be stamped in your passport, and you can enter the US.

It is important to note that processing times and fees are subject to change, so it is advisable to regularly check the USCIS and US Department of State websites for updates. By staying informed and planning accordingly, applicants can increase the likelihood of a successful visa application process.


Although obtaining an O-1 visa may seem complicated, it can be worthwhile if it fits your needs best.

This visa is particularly suitable for professionals who possess exceptional field skills and want to work in the United States. It is also an ideal choice for those who intend to apply for an EB-1 visa, also known as the “Extraordinary Ability Green Card,” in the future.

Although it may seem daunting to qualify for an O-1B visa, eligibility is often more straightforward than it appears based on the regulations.

The first vital step is to establish eligibility properly, and our immigration experts can assist you in determining whether you qualify and help you gather the appropriate evidence to prove your extraordinary abilities to the USCIS.

At PassRight, we aim to provide a personalized and streamlined immigration process. Our team consists of experienced U.S. immigration experts with a long track record of favorable outcomes for talented foreign nationals seeking visas to pursue their dreams in the United States.

If you would like to discuss your immigration situation, brainstorm, or better understand how we can assist you, please write here.

* This article is for informational purposes only and does not provide direct legal advice.

The Ultimate Guide to the O-1 visa FAQ

  • What is an O-1 nonimmigrant visa?

    The O-1 visa is a non-immigrant visa category for foreign individuals with extraordinary ability in sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics or those who have achieved outstanding success in the motion picture or television industry. It allows these individuals to temporarily work in the United States in their respective fields of expertise for a U.S. employer or sponsor. The visa can be granted for an initial period of up to 3 years and can be extended in 1-year increments as needed.
  • Who can apply for an O-1B visa?

    Non-U.S. citizens with an extraordinary ability in the arts or extraordinary achievement in the motion picture or television sector.
  • Can an O-1 visa holder apply for U.S. permanent residency?

    The O-1 visa differs from other temporary U.S. work visas as it allows obtaining a US Green Card. However, eligibility criteria are in place for the Extraordinary Ability Green Card, and you must apply for a change in status to become a lawful permanent resident.
  • Is it possible to extend or renew an O-1 visa?

    Yes. If you meet the eligibility criteria and submit the necessary extension applications on time, O-1A and O-1B visas can be renewed indefinitely. It is important to continue meeting the requirements of the visa category to ensure a successful renewal.
  • Is it possible for my family to accompany me to the US while I am on an O-1 visa?

    Yes. If granted an O-1 visa, you can apply for an O-3 visa to bring your spouse and unmarried children under 21 to the U.S. The O-3 visa allows your family members to live and study in the U.S. while your visa is valid. However, they cannot work and earn income while on this visa.